Raw GNSS Data Compression Using Compressive Sensing for Reflectometry Applications


Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) reflectometry is a passive and in-expensive technique for remote sensing applications. GNSS reflectometry (GNSS-R) aims at analyzing the multi-path signal reflected from the surface surrounding the receiving antenna. One of the challenge is the size of the raw GNSS-R (I-phase and Q-phase) data. The data size is very large even for a short duration of time. To address this issue an algorithm is proposed using the Compressive Sensing (CS) theory, to compress and reduce the size of data that is to be transmitted for further processing.The data is first compressed using the CS theory and then reconstructed using convex l1 minimization algorithm. In addition, the performance of different sparsifying and measurement matrices that are used in the compression are compared and reconstruction of the original signal is performed. The algorithm proposed is verified for the raw Global Positioning System (GPS) and Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) data set.

XXXIII General Assembly and Scientific Symposium (GASS) of the International Union of Radio Science (Union Radio Scientifique Internationale-URSI)